Different Types of Mental Health Therapy

Paige Champagne

April 17, 2023


If you’re struggling with depression, anxiety, or another mental health condition, there are several types of therapy that can help. Finding the right type of therapist can help you overcome your symptoms and make positive changes in your life.

Different types of psychotherapy include cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), desensitization, and motivational enhancement therapy. Psychiatrists are also trained medical doctors who can prescribe medication in addition to practicing psychotherapy.


Psychoanalysis is a type of mental health therapy that helps patients gain insight into the root cause of their problems. This insight can lead to healthy, lasting changes that make them better able to deal with their feelings and behaviors.

It can help with depression and anxiety, eating disorders, sexual dysfunctions, a lack of direction or purpose in life, and other mental health issues.

Psychoanalysis relies on a variety of techniques to help patients get a deeper understanding of their unconscious thoughts and feelings. One common technique is called free association.

Humanistic therapy

Humanistic therapy is a form of mental health therapy that encourages clients to explore their innate wisdom and positive qualities. It’s based on the idea that people are inherently good, powerful, and creative.

Therapists often use techniques like active listening and unconditional positive regard to help clients recognize their innate potential for healing and growth.

This type of therapy also focuses on the present rather than exploring past events. It encourages individuals to accept responsibility for their own problems and find personal solutions that are effective in solving them.


Teletherapy, also known as e-therapy, Tele counseling, and online therapy, uses communication technologies like email, text messaging, video conferencing, or internet phone calls to offer mental health services. can be used to treat a wide range of conditions, including depression, anxiety, trauma, and eating disorders.

It can be a useful tool for people who cannot afford in-person care or have scheduling or mobility issues that prevent them from getting to therapy. It can also be a good option during an epidemic or pandemic, as it can slow the spread of illness and protect vulnerable populations.

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)

CBT is a talking therapy that teaches you to recognize, challenge, and change unhealthy thoughts and behaviors. This helps you to cope better with difficult situations and feel more in control.

Therapists often use CBT to treat anxiety, depression, sleep problems, and other mental health issues. It also can be used to help people with physical health conditions, such as chronic pain or fibromyalgia.

Unlike other types of mental health therapy, CBT focuses on your current situation and how it affects your thinking. It doesn’t spend time looking at your past or family history, so it can be more effective for a wide range of problems.

Exposure therapy

Exposure therapy is a common treatment for anxiety, panic, phobias, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). It works because it helps patients confront their fears.

It also teaches patients how to cope with their fear without resorting to unhealthy coping mechanisms like substance use or addictive behaviors.

In exposure therapy, therapists expose their clients to the feared object, situation, or activity in various ways. Each method is adapted to the patient’s skill level and specific symptoms.

Dialectical behavior therapy

Dialectical behavior therapy, or DBT, is an evidence-based treatment that was originally designed for people diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD). Studies have shown that it helps reduce suicidal thoughts and behaviors.

DBT uses a variety of cognitive, behavioral, and dialectic strategies to help patients cope with their emotions and improve their relationships. It teaches skills like distress tolerance, interpersonal effectiveness, and emotional regulation.

The goal of DBT is to help people build a life they find meaningful. It’s usually used in combination with individual and group sessions.

Solution-focused therapy

Solution-focused therapy is a goal-oriented approach that works with your strengths. It can be used for a wide range of mental health problems and is helpful for people who have been through challenging life events or are dealing with major problems in their lives.

Solution-focused therapists use a positive outlook and hope-friendly language to help their clients feel empowered and capable of change. They also use scaling questions to clarify the problem and encourage creative solutions.